Make sure your health insurance covers you for medical expenses abroad. If not, purchase supplemental insurance for overseas coverage.
Pack a personal medical kit (We recommend Adventure Medical Kits), customized for your trip. Take appropriate measures to prevent motion sickness and jet lag. On long flights, be sure to walk around the cabin, contract your leg muscles periodically, and drink plenty of fluids to prevent blood clots in the legs. For those at high risk for blood clots, consider wearing compression stockings.
Yellow Fever vaccine is recommended for all travelers above nine months of age. The vaccine is required for all travelers over one year of age arriving from a yellow-fever-infected country in Africa or the Americas. Vaccination should be administered 10 days before departure.
Hepatitis A vaccination is recommended at least 2 weeks before travel.
Diptheria vaccination is recommended 3 months before travel.
Prophylaxis is recommended for all areas, except for altitudes over 1800 m (5906 ft). The risk is lower in Dar es Salaam than in rural areas.
Traveler’s diarrhea is the most common travel-related ailment. The cornerstone of prevention is food and water precautions. All travelers should bring along an antibiotic and an anti-diarrheal drug to be started promptly if significant diarrhea occurs.
Altitude sickness may occur in those climbing Mt. Kilimanjaro, the highest peak on the African continent, or in any other travelers ascending rapidly to altitudes greater than 2500 meters. Acetazolamide is the drug of choice to prevent altitude sickness. The usual dosage is 125 or 250 mg twice daily starting 24 hours before ascent and continuing for 48 hours after arrival at altitude.
Make sure you carry Insect repellent lotion with DEET “very important” with you. (Note: put insect repellent lotion in a bag in your checked luggage because aerosol and liquid repellents are usually
Food and Drink
Do not drink tap water unless it has been boiled, filtered, or chemically disinfected. Do not drink unbottled beverages or drinks with ice. Do not eat fruits or vegetables unless they have been peeled or cooked. Avoid cooked foods that are no longer piping hot. Cooked foods that have been left at room temperature are particularly hazardous. Avoid unpasteurized milk and any products that might have been made from unpasteurized milk, such as ice cream. Avoid food and beverages obtained from street vendors.
A bottle of hand disinfectant is a good investment for your travel kit.