Tanzania is East Africa’s largest country, located just south of the equator. After achieving independence from Britain in 1961 and 1963 respectively, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged in 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanzania. The first president, Julius K. Nyerere, ruled for two decades before retiring and he is sometimes referred to as Baba wa Taifa - Father of the nation.
The golden top above the national flag, again represents the mineral wealth. Its burning torch signifies freedom, enlightenment and knowledge;
The red colour symbolizes the rich fertile soil of Africa, while the wavy bands represent the land, sea, lakes and coastal line.
The up-right spear signifies watchfulness and defence of freedom while the crossed axe and hoe are symbols for development.
The shield is framed by a pair of tusks, the traditional symbol of power, and rests on Mount Kilimanjaro. It is supported by a man with a clove bush and a woman with a cottonbush, indicating the theme of co-operation.